Topic 4 Definition And Classification Of Physical Activity

World Health Organization (WHO) defines physical activity as any bodily movement that requires energy expenditure by skeletal muscles. Exercise is regular, planned and repetitive physical activity aimed at maintaining or improving physical fitness. Sports, on the other hand, are physical activities performed according to the rules for the purpose of competition.

In this context, in addition to activities performed to maintain our daily lives such as playing games, doing housework, gardening, walking, climbing stairs, eating and bathing, exercise, and sports are also considered physical activities.

Which is not a physical activity intensity type?

A) Low-intensity physical activities
B) Moderate-intensity physical activities
C) High-intensity physical activities
D) Extremely-high-intensity physical activities
  • Physical activities are examined in three categories according to their intensity. Low-intensity physical activities are daily activities that require little effort, in which the heart rate and respiratory rate are slightly above the resting value (Examples of low-intensity physical activities are slow walking and doing housework).
  • Moderate-intensity physical activities are defined as the heart rate, respiratory rate is higher than regular, muscles are beginning to strain, and moderate effort is required (Examples of moderate-intensity physical activities are brisk walking, jogging, dancing, jumping rope, swimming, playing table tennis, skating, and cycling slowly).
  • High-intensity physical activities are defined as activities in which the heart rate and respiratory rate are much higher than usual, the muscles are more strained, and a lot of effort is required (Examples of high-intensity physical activities include playing basketball, football, volleyball, handball, tennis, jogging, jumping rope, swimming, participating in step or aerobics classes, and jogging).
  • If the sitting situation is 0 and the most intense physical activity is 10, the activities above average with an intensity corresponding to 5 or 6 out of 10 are moderate-intensity aerobic activities. On the other hand, vigorous aerobic activities are activities in which the heart rate increases and breathing becomes more difficult. Intense aerobic activities are activities that correspond to an intensity of 7 or 8 out of 10.

Which is not a type of physical activity?

A) Endurance Exercises
B) Strength Exercises
C) Mobility Exercises
D) Flexibility Exercises
E) Balance Exercises

Types of exercise are grouped under four main headings:

  • Endurance Exercises
  • Strength Exercises
  • Flexibility Exercises
  • Balance Exercises

are any physical activities that can be carried out longer without getting tired. Aerobic exercises increase the capacity of our body to use oxygen and work large muscle groups dynamically and rhythmically. These exercises are performed by determining a certain intensity, frequency, and duration. As endurance improves, all physical activities can be sustained longer and performed without fatigue. Activities that are not too straining, such as walking with regular and frequent steps, cycling, swimming for a long time, working in the garden or field, playing tennis, can be given as examples of aerobic exercises.

are activities that require strong contraction of the muscles. Strength exercises are essential in strengthening muscles and bones, reducing body fat, and increasing muscle-bone mass. The purpose of strength exercises is to strengthen our body’s important and large muscles, such as abdominal, back-waist, shoulder-arm, and hip-leg muscles. For this reason, when doing strength exercises, only one area should not be worked, but the upper and lower, right and left, front and back muscles of the body should be strengthened in a balanced way. Activities such as carrying weights, climbing stairs, carrying a backpack, doing push-ups or sit-ups, and strength training with weights are strength exercises.

Do you think individuals’ flexibility can be improved?

allow joints to move at a wide-angle. Although the flexibility of individuals varies due to differences in body structures, it can be improved with regular stretching exercises. Regular physical activities such as Tai Chi, yoga, and pilates increase flexibility. In addition, flexibility exercises can be performed for each joint separately.

ensure that our body can stand without falling and move smoothly. For this, apart from the sense of sight, the balance mechanisms in the inner ear, and the deep insights, the muscles must have sufficient strength. Exercises that improve muscle strength, flexibility, and endurance also improve balance

What should be considered when ensuring that children do physical activity?