Topic 3 Behavioral Techniques on CBT Theory for Dietary Interventions

COLLABORATIVE EMPIRICISM

A systemic process of therapist and child working together to establish common goals in treatment.

SOCRATIC QUESTIONS

Socratic questions are based on the principle “You know, you tell me”. Health professional is friendly (no controversy or criticism). The child expresses his own views which lead to conclusions that he believes and in this way the “resistance” is prevented.

Other techniques in CBT

Goal setting Setting SMART goals
Reward
Reward is directly related to goal setting. Health professional helps the child find ways that are not related to diet, to reward himself after achieving specific goals (effective learning). Emphasis can be placed on even small target steps. The reward does not refer to food and it is desirable to include recreational activities, shopping other than food.
Self-monitoring
Self-monitoring has two components i.e. measurement and evaluation: The child (1) measures and records his or her own behavior (measurement), and then (2) compares that recorded behavior to a pre-determined standard (evaluation).
Feedback
Focus should be based on positive changes.
Cognitive reconstruction
Cognitive restructuring offers an opportunity to notice maladaptive thoughts as they’re occurring.
Stimulus control
Stimulus control refers to modifying the occurrence or frequency of stimuli / messages that amplify "problematic" behavior or increase the likelihood of new desired behavior occurring.
Problem solving
A specific protocol should be followed.
Avoiding high-risk situations
The primary step here is to make the child identify which are these high-risk situations.
Relapse prevention
Discussion on future high-risk conditions.