The nutrients that are found in abundance in the Mediterranean diet have anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity properties and contribute together to the maintenance of health status: these effects are mostly due to the combination of antioxidant elements, fiber and polyunsaturated fats.
Carbohydrates are represented predominantly by starch (cereals and pulses), while the consumption of sugar and sweets is very low.
Fish products and the extra virgin olive oil are mainly responsible for the contribution of fatty acids essential and oleic acid.
Fatty acids ω3 play an important role in the prevention and treatment not only of CVD but also cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis and cataract.
The value of this diet lies in its ability to preserve the state of health and improve longevity, as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared in 2010.
Representation of Mediterranean Diet by Paestum Temple Modified By De Lorenzo A, Fidanza F
The Okinawan Diet: Health Implications of a Low-Calorie, Nutrient-Dense, Antioxidant-Rich Dietary Pattern Low in Glycemic Load. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 2009.