Topic 2 The Importance Of Physical Activity In Childhood

Physical inactivity poses serious health risks for children and teenagers. Physical activity is a necessity for all groups in health promotion; prevention and treatment methods of –especially- non-communicable diseases. According to WHO reports, physical inactivity is the fourth most common risk factor for death worldwide. In addition, physical activity plays an important role in the prevention of being overweight and obese in childhood and adolescence, and in reducing the risk of obesity in adulthood. Physical activity, which has become a habit in childhood, can make important differences in ensuring that they have an active old age period and increasing their quality of life throughout their lives. The beneficial effects of physical activity in childhood for the development of musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, neuromuscular system, psychosocial development and motor skills have been proven by many studies.

Regular physical activity also contributes to cognitive development in children. It increases the rate of social cohesion and acceptance in the social environment. It also allows children to be aware of their own worth, to increase their self-esteem and to form a more confident, independent and self-controlled personality. Developing the concept of physical activity and skills in childhood increases the possibility of maintaining a non-sedentary lifestyle in adulthood.