The Importance Of Physical Activity In Childhood

  • According to WHO reports, physical inactivity is the fourth most common risk factor for mortality worldwide
  • Physical activity is also included in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • Increasing physical activity in children starting from infancy and reducing the time spent inactively during the day has critical importance

  • Apart from genetic, environmental, and biological factors, the most critical factor in the occurrence of non-communicable chronic degenerative diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases is a sedentary lifestyle and an unhealthy diet
  • Physical activity and sports are among the basic strategies in the prevention of many diseases, the foundations of which are laid in childhood and childhood diseases (especially aerobic exercises)
  • Physical activity plays a vital role in preventing becoming overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence and reducing the risk of obesity in adulthood

Question 3

  • Which systems do physical activity positively affect?
A) Musculoskeletal System
B) Cardiovascular System
C) Neuromuscular System
D) Psychosocial System
E) All of Them
  • Physical activity in childhood is necessary for the development of basic motor skills and bone and muscle development
  • Its beneficial effects on the musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, neuromuscular system, and psychosocial development have been demonstrated by many studies
  • Regular physical activity also contributes to cognitive development in children